|MacGregor Crest and Tartan|
|The MacGregor Clan of Scotland|
|Rob Roy, byname of ROBERT MACGREGOR (baptized March 7, 1671, Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scot.--d. Dec. 28, 1734, Balquhidder, Perthshire), noted Highland outlaw whose reputation as a Scottish Robin Hood was exaggerated in Sir Walter Scott's novel Rob Roy (1818) and in some passages in the poems of William Wordsworth. He frequently signed himself Rob Roy ("Red Rob"), in reference to his dark red hair.
Rob's father, Donald MacGregor, a younger brother of the chief of the clan MacGregor, received a military commission from the deposed King James II after the revolution of 1688. Rob was a freebooter with uncertain loyalty to James, and probably also engaged in cattle stealing and blackmail, old and at that time still honourable Highland practices. When the penal laws against the MacGregors were reintroduced in 1693, Rob took the name of Campbell. Since his lands lay between those of the rival houses of Argyll and Montrose, for a time he was able to play one off against the other to his own advantage. James Graham, 1st duke of Montrose, succeeded in entangling him in debt, and by 1712 Rob was ruined.
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